Gender Parity Law in Senegal

The main focus of my research resides in understanding and analyzing the gender parity law in Senegal. The official name in French is "Loi de la Parité Absolue" (LPA), which translates, quite easily, into "Law of Absolute Parity". 

This law was voted in May 2010 and mandates ALL political parties participating and nominating candidates for legislative and local elections to present a list comprised of 50% women and 50% men. The list is to have the women and men candidates alternatively, so that, if example, a party wins 5 seats at the National Assembly, at least 2 seats will go to women. 

The law was first put into action for the legislative and local elections of 2012 - and the Senegalese national assembly saw a substantive increase of women, from 20% in 2007, to 42% in 2012. This achievement on its own has been highly acclaimed by many, mostly the Senegalese women's organizations and NGOs involved in this issue. My research looks into the details of this representation (whether women are actually more involved in decision-making processes, for instance). 

The latest elections were held in July 2017. I missed them because I didn't prepare my field trip to coincide with the campaigns, but they evidently would have been very interesting. However, in September, I was still able to find some remnants of the campaigns, as shown in these pictures.